The European Union (EU), as a party to the UNFCCC, reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years between 1990 and the current calendar year (t) minus two (t-2), for emissions and removals within the area covered by its Member States (i.e. emissions taking place within its territory).
The European Union, its Member States, Iceland and the UK fulfil their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments for the second commitment period to the KP, reflected in the Doha Amendment, jointly. The EU, its Member States, Iceland and the UK agreed to a quantified emission reduction commitment that limits their average annual emissions of GHG during the second commitment period to 80 % of the sum of their base year emissions, which is reflected in the Doha Amendment. Article 4 of the KP requires parties that agree to fulfil their commitments under Article 3 of the KP jointly to set out in the relevant joint fulfilment agreement the respective emission level allocated to each of the parties. Council Decision (EU) 2015/1339 sets out the terms of the joint fulfilment agreement as well as the respective emission levels of each Party to that agreement. The emission levels define the Member States’, Iceland’s and UK’s assigned amounts for the second commitment period. These emission levels have been determined on the basis of the existing EU legislation for the period 2013-2020 under the ‘Climate and Energy package’